Cardiology, also known as “Heart Science”; is a medical field that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of congenital or acquired heart problems and diseases. The scope of cardiology is much wider than it’s definition. Cardiology also deals with diseases of the heart, arteries and veins. Cardiovascular diseases that are caused by factors such as genetic factors, wrong nutrition, overweight, changing in blood values are diagnosed and treated in the cardiology unit. High technology is a very utilized innovation in cardiology department while diagnosing and treating the diseases. Techniques such as effort test, echocardiography, Holter test, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring ensure that the treatment process is performed correctly. Heart diseases with symptoms such as chest and left arm pain, palpitation, cough, neck pain, dizziness, shortness of breath should be intervened as soon as possible and the treatment process should never be interrupted.
DISEASES DIAGNOSED AND TREATED IN THE DEPARTMENT OF CARDIOLOGY
A heart attack should be interpreted as a symptom or a consequence of many different diseases. The blood flow must be maintained constantly to protect the heart’s health. However, if the heart-feeding vessels lose their function or get narrowed, thickened, lose their flexibility and undergo structural changes, the blood flow to the heart may decrease or may stop. In this case, the heart will not be able to adequately feed and can not supply the oxygen demand through blood. Indeed the problem which called ‘heart attack’ means the heart can not fulfill the functions adequately. A heart attack may lead to fatal outcomes and requires immediate intervention.
Coronary Artery Disease
The fundamental duty of coronary artery vessels is to feed the heart, in other words, to provide blood flow to the heart. The causes such as obesity, high blood pressure, wrong nutrition, cigarette consumption and genetic predisposition, can be lead to the reduction of coronary artery vessels flexibility, get narrow or even blocked. Coronary Artery Disease can be defined as the loss of function of the heart-feeding vessels. If coronary insufficiency is not treated, serious health problems will be ocured notably heart attack. The most reliable method of detecting coronary insufficiency is Myocardial Perfusion Scintigraphy.
Cardiovascular disease is the deficiency blood pumping of the heart and all the cells of our body are affected by this disease. Cardiovascular disease can be resultant from, hypertension, problems in the heart valves, heart failure, alcohol using.
Heart Rhythm and Conduction Disorders
Arrhythmia and conduction disorders; the deterioration of the ability to make regular contraction movements of the heart. Hearts of people, who experienced heart rhythm and conduction disorders, are pump the blood irregularly because of pre-existing heart attacks, coronary artery disease, altered sodium and potassium rates. This disease has symptoms such as palpitation, difficulty in breathing, malfunction in heartbeats. Patients who have symptoms of arrhythmia and conduction disorders need to apply to the cardiology department without losing time.