Internal Medicine is foreground as a considerable comprehensive department. Internal medicine specialists should work in coordination with other medical units. They are also investigate patients with complaints such as weakness,constipation, anemia, fever, epigastric burning, cough as well as patients with respiratory, gastrointestinal and heart disease complaints.
DISEASES WHICH ARE IN THE SCOPE OF INTERNAL MEDICINE
When the heart contracts, the blood moves toward the circulatory system. Excessive pressure on the blood vessels is called hypertension, in other words, high blood pressure. Blood pressure can also increase in a healthy person, but there must be an instantaneous changing which effects the rising. If blood pressure is always high, this situation can be manifest as a sign of a serious problem. It should not be forgotten that untreated hypertension can lead to serious problems such as heart attack and stroke.
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects the body’s ability to use energy in foods. Diabetes mellitus can be seen in three different ways as Type I, Type II and Pregnancy Sugar; it can cause serious problems if not controlled. Normally, the body converts sugars and carbohydrates to glycoside. Glucose supplies the energy requirement of the cells. However to initiate this process, the insulin hormone must be found in the bloodstream. The main problem of diabetics is that patients can not produce insulin, can not use the produced insulin or neither produce and use the insulin.
Thyroid glands have a great importance in the hormone balance of the body. The hormones produced in the thyroid glands, provide a healthy functioning of metabolism especially the digestive, nervous and circulatory systems. As a result of the problems in the thyroid glands, the body’s hormone balance deteriorate. Thyroid glands can become inflamed, grow or fill with nodules. At the same time, hormone production in the glands can be much or less than necessary. Problems that occur in thyroid glands should be kept a close watch on and the person should be treated by specialist physicians.
Persons with symptoms such as get tired quickly, chronic fever, hemophilia, glandular formation, painful edema and fatigue, should consult to the hematology unit, which is responsible for the diagnosis and treatment of blood diseases. The possibility of forming significant diseases such as structural changes of blood cells, blood coagulation disorders, cancer formation in marrow cells, should not be overlooked. The most common blood disorders include anemia of iron deficiency, sickle cell anemia, thrombosis, leukemia, leukopenia and hemophilia.
The most important component of the respiratory system, lungs, may lose their function due to different factors. If such an adverse event occurs, it can lead to fatal consequences in the future. Treatment of lung diseases such as copd, pneumonia, asthma, pleurisy, lung cancer, legionnaire disease should not be interrupted.
Increased stress and nutritional deficiency, may cause gastrointestinal disorders symptoms such as epigastric burning, thirst, intestinal disorders, stomach spasms, acute abdominal pain are in the area of expertise of Gastroenterology. Ulcer, stomach cancer, constipation, diarrhea, vomiting, gastritis and dyspepsia are the most common stomach and intestinal diseases.
Cholesterol And Triglyceride
Cholesterol and Triglyceride are two important fat types for heart health. The abnormal changing ratios in these fats, can cause health problems for people. If the ratios of this fats, which can taken by food or produced by the body, increase in the blood, in other words, if hyperlipidemia disorder occurs, obstructive vascular diseases could begin. The cholesterol and triglyceride ratios must be at the ideal level for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
Acute and Chronic Renal Failure
Renal insufficiencies that can occur for different reasons such as; coronary failure, prostatic hypertrophy, regularly used medicine, diabetes, kidney cysts, muscle wounds, excessive blood pressure reduction and can be defined as the kidneys can not perform their functions. If the kidneys lose their function acutely or chronically, detailed examination is needed. The renal failure causing factors should be identified and in this direction, special treatment process should be initiated.
Urinary Tract Infections
Reaching to the urinary tract of the bacteria causes the difficulties in urination and person’s life quality. These are the most basic indications of urinary tract infections. Sometimes urinary tract infections, can be seen as fever, nausea and fatigue, and the treatment should be started as quickly as possible.
Diseases Which Appear With High Fever
Although elevation of fever is considered as a disease in itself, it should not be forgotten that fever may has risen as a symptom of a different illness that actually occurs in metabolism. Examples of diseases caused by high fever include tonsillitis, bronchitis, sinusitis, middle ear inflammation, intestinal inflammation, kidney diseases. For this reason, the causes of the rising fever should be determined and the treatment should be continued at this direction.
There are many types of rheumatic diseases which appear with symptoms such as pain in the muscles, bones and joints, spasm, tingling or swelling. These illnesses, whose exact causes are unknown, cause the person to have difficulty in moving. Gout disease, acute rheumatoid arthritis, reactive arthritis, tendinitis, calcification, soft tissue rheumatism are among the most common rheumatic diseases.
Food poisoning occurs when foods and drinks are consumed that are not produced in the hygienic environment and manifest with indications such as nausea, dizziness, fatigue, headache, difficulty in breathing. In rare cases, food poisoning, which can lead to paralysis and death, must be urgently intervened.
Liver diseases which manifest with symptoms such as fatigue, weight loss, nausea, vomiting and skin color change can cause the liver to fail to function and even lose its function in the later stages. Hepatitis A, B, C, chronic hepatitis, viral hepatitis, liver failure, cirrhosis, hepatitis encephalopathy, hydatid cyst, liver cancer are among the most common liver diseases.
Metabolic diseases that can occur either congenitally or after, require the regularly treatment. Examples of metabolic diseases are; diabetes, goiter, phenylketonuria, congenital hypothyroidism and etc. The underlying cause of metabolic diseases could be explained by interrupting of the chemical processes in the metabolism for different reasons.
As Private Ata Sağlık Hospital, we examine the patients in detail who apply to our Internal Medicine Unit. We take advantage of the last technological devices in our treatment processes, which are designed to identify the causes of the diseases and to remove the causes. We improve our quality of service every passing day by offering outpatient and inpatient treatment.